Afghan Women's Network
AWN

Afghan Women's Network

Advocacy paper on global elimination of violence against women day and the start of 16 days campaign

(Unite and work together against discrimination, violence and harassment of women)

Introduction

The Afghan Women’s Network actively taking part in the 16 days global campaign starts from November 25th (International Day of prevention of violence against women) to 10th December (Global Day of Human Rights) on annual basis; and holds and plan continual advocacy meetings, and media programs for prevention of violence against women. This year the Afghan Women’s Network to collect the figures held consultative discussions on violence against women in Kabul and 7 zones of the country (i.e. Bamyan, Kandahar, Nangarhar, Herat, Kunduz, Balkh and Paktia) with 10 to 20 government and civil society representatives. The Afghan Women’s Network could collect the needed information through the Ministry of Women’s Affairs, Attorney General’s Office and the Afghanistan Independent Human Right Commission.

Method of preparation of advocacy paper

This year, AWN to celebrate the day, conducted group discussion and developing questionnaire at central and zonal level with relevant and authorized entities to collect data and information, through conducting aforementioned activities through Afghanistan; the Afghan Women’s Network could assess the status of violence against women more analytically.

 

Findings

Based on the group discussions in the center and zones and collecting data and information relevant to the registration status of documented case with this organization are listed herein:

Data and Information of first and second quarter of current year from the prosecutor office of violence against women’s

  • First quarter’s registered cases are 256
  • Second quarter’s registered cases are 304 and
  • Total cases filed are 560.

Data and information received by the Ministry of Women’s Affairs

  • Totally 1408 cases of violence have been registered.

Data and information received by the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission in the first six months of current year

  • Total number of registered cases 2195.

 Reviewing the data and information collected on the status of violence against women in Afghanistan indicates that violence against women has reduced in some provinces, unlikely in some provinces remain high; reduction of violence in some areas are believed to be related lack of filing such cases by the victims to relevant entities; similarly it indicates distrust of victims on relevant justice entities, to address these problems and reduce the level of violence, authorized entities must take considerable measures to tackle this crisis in the light of law. Similarly, the outcome of group discussions in center and zones indicates lack of access of women to their basic rights and imposing violence against women. However, access to justice and basic rights for most women is considerably low in some provinces. Sometimes, unlawful and non-Sharia obstacles prevent them to access their basic and lawful rights.  In all provinces the factors of violence against women are of the same roots such as poor economy, unaccepted traditional believes, lack of legal awareness, insecurity, low public mindset, addiction to drugs, impunity against man punishment in the man dominated society, polygamy, sell and purchase of women, gender discrimination, prevailed informal justice system and lack of women access to government positions.

As that the violence observes in all provinces, hence, various types of violence cases such as, physical violence, economic violence, verbal and psychological and gender based violence have been registered. Similarly, to access to these issues some organizations and entities such as departments of women’s affairs, special prosecutor’s offices on elimination of violence against women, police chief office, judicial offices and human rights commission and several civil rights organizations such as AWN, WAW, IMC, OHW, AWEC, HAWCA, AWRO and radio Nargis are actively taking part in this regard.   However, the process of access to the cases of violence against women in all provinces going slowly. And lack of attention to these issues by the government officials. These cases are even not processed accurately. Thus, the elimination of violence against women law which was ratified especially for victims of violence, therefore all enforcement entities and citizens must be aware of enforcement of that law; but it seems like majority of people are unaware of this law, except of center of some provinces.

It was planned that the special commission on processing of violence against women cases tackle these types of cases but it plays symbolic role in some provinces while in other provinces its role is considerably lower and invisible. Immediate mediation in the cases may speed up the process.

On the other hand, a data bank is necessary to collect data when needed but most of government organizations have those facilities but lack of coordination has led the processing of same case in two different entities. This is called lack of accurate data and information sharing and causes higher graph of violence cases.

 

Recommendations:

All government and non-government employees who are engaged in the elimination of violence against women, firstly they should be committed to their obligations and enforce the law seriously, especially the law on elimination of violence against women.

  1. In the light of country’s laws, aware and build the capacity of people on their rights, especially about the law of elimination of violence against women.
  2. Call on tribal elders and influential figures in the community to support victims’ applications and introduce them to law enforcement agencies for office justice.
  3. Advocacy of citizens and civil activists to follow up the cases, especially the violence against women cases.
  4. A closer and comprehensive monitoring of judicial sector’s accomplishment by the supreme court and implementation of penal and privileges systems to facilitate citizens, especially women to access to official justice, that will build trust between citizens on those entities.
  5. More deliberate and continuous efforts should be made to say no to impunity culture for those committed corruption and violated against women. 
  6. Establish and maintain a nation-wide data bank to register the number of violent cases.
  7. The National Unity Government should take considerable measures to implement the National Action Plan of Afghanistan and the 1325 resolution of UN Security Council to offer financial, non-financial and health assistances to the victims of violence.
  8. Serious follow up of violence against women cases is required by the assigned courts and prosecution offices.
  9. The government shall enforce current laws on violation against women and avoid multiplication of penal laws.